The following listed functions are available and supported in our table element, whether you type them using the editor or import a spreadsheet file. We are currently working to support copying and pasting of functions.

### A

ABS
This function calculates the absolute value of the specified value.

ACCRINT
This function calculates the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest.

ACCRINTM
This function calculates the accrued interest at maturity for a security that pays periodic interest.

ACOS
This function calculates the arccosine, that is, the angle whose cosine is the specified value.

ACOT
This function calculates the arccotangent (inverse cotangent) of a given number, and returns an angle, in radians.

ACOTH
This function calculates the hyperbolic arccotangent (inverse cotangent) of a supplied value.

ACOSH
This function calculates the inverse hyperbolic cosine of the specified value.

This function uses the row and column numbers to create a cell address in text.

AMORDEGRC
This function returns the depreciation for an accounting period, taking into consideration prorated depreciation, and applies a depreciation coefficient in the calculation based on the life of the assets.

AMORLINC
This function calculates the depreciation for an accounting period, taking into account prorated depreciation.

AND
This function calculates logical AND.

ASIN
This function calculates the arcsine, that is, the angle whose sine is the specified value.

ASINH
This function calculates the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number.

ATAN
This function calculates the arctangent, that is, the angle whose tangent is the specified value.

ATAN2
This function calculates the arctangent of the specified x- and y-coordinates.

ATANH
This function calculates the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number.

AVEDEV
This function calculates the average of the absolute deviations of the specified values from their mean.

AVERAGE
This function calculates the average of the specified numeric values.

AVERAGEA
This function calculates the average of the specified values, including text or logical values as well as numeric values.

AVERAGEIF
This function calculates the average of the specified numeric values provided that they meet the specified criteria.

AVERAGEIFS
This function calculates the average of all cells that meet multiple specified criteria.

### B

BAHTTEXT
This function converts a number to Thai text and adds a suffix of “Baht”

BASE
This function converts a number into a text representation with the given base.

BESSELI
This function calculates the modified Bessel function of the first kind evaluated for purely imaginary arguments.

BESSELJ
This function calculates the Bessel function of the first kind.

BESSELK
This function calculates the modified Bessel function of the second kind evaluated for purely imaginary arguments.

BESSELY
This function calculates the Bessel function of the second kind.

This function calculates the cumulative beta distribution function.

BETA.DIST
This function calculates the cumulative beta distribution function.

BETAINV
This function calculates the inverse of the cumulative beta distribution function.

BETA.INV
This function calculates the inverse of the cumulative beta density function.

BIN2DEC
This function converts a binary number to a decimal number.

BIN2HEX
This function converts a binary number to a hexadecimal number.

BIN2OCT
This function converts a binary number to an octal number.

BINOMDIST
This function calculates the individual term binomial distribution probability.

BINOM.DIST
This function calculates the individual term binomial distribution probability.

BINOM.DIST.RANGE
This function returns the Binomial Distribution probability for the number of successes within a specified range from a specified number of trials.

BINOM.INV
This function returns the criterion binomial, the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is greater than or equal to a criterion value.

BITAND
This function returns a ‘Bitwise And’ of two numbers.

BITLSHIFT
This function returns a bitwise “OR” of two numbers.

BITOR
This function returns a ‘Bitwise And’ of two numbers.

BITRSHIFT
This function returns a bitwise “OR” of two numbers.

BITxOR
This function returns a ‘Bitwise And’ of two numbers.

BOXPLOTSPARKLINE
This function returns a data set used for representing a boxplot sparkline.

BULLETSPARKLINE
This function returns a data set used for representing a bullet sparkline.

### C

This function returns a data set used for representing a cascade sparkline.

CEILING
This function rounds a number up to the nearest multiple of a specified value.

CIELING.MATH
This function rounds a number up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance.

CEILING.PRECISE
This function rounds a number up to the nearest multiple of a specified value or the nearest integer.

CHAR
This function returns the character specified by a number.

CHIDIST
This function calculates the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution.

CHIINV
This function calculates the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution.

CHISQ.DIST
This function calculates the chi-squared distribution.

CHISQ.DIST.RT
This function calculates the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution.

CHISQ.INV
This function calculates the inverse of the left-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution.

CHISQ.INV.RT
This function calculates the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution.

CHISQ.TEST
This function calculates the test for independence from the chi-squared distribution.

CHITEST
This function calculates the test for independence from the chi-squared distribution.

CHOOSE
This function returns a value from a list of values.

CLEAN
This function removes all non-printable characters from text.

CODE
This function returns a numeric code to represent the first character in a text string. The returned code corresponds to the Windows character set (ANSI).

COLUMN
This function returns the column number of a reference.

COLUMNS
This function returns the number of columns in an array.

COLUMNSPARKLINE
This function returns a data set used for representing a column sparkline.

COMBIN
This function calculates the number of possible combinations for a specified number of items.

COMBINA
This function calculates the number of combinations with repetitions for a specified number of items.

COMPLEX
This function converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number.

CONCAT
This function combines multiple text strings or numbers into one text string.

CONCATENATE
This function combines multiple text strings or numbers into one text string.

CONFIDENCE
This function returns confidence interval for a population mean.

CONFIDENCE.NORM
This function returns confidence interval for a population mean.

CONFIDENCE.T
This function returns the confidence interval for a population mean.

CONVERT
This function converts a number from one measurement system to its equivalent in another measurement system.

CORREL
This function returns the correlation coefficient of the two sets of data.

COS
This function returns the cosine of the specified angle.

COSH
This function returns the hyperbolic cosine of the specified value.

COT
This function returns the cotangent of the specified angle.

COTH
This function returns the hyperbolic cotangent of the specified number.

COUNT
This function returns the number of cells that contain numbers.

COUNTA
This function returns the number of number of cells that contain numbers, text, or logical values.

COUNTBLANK
This function returns the number of empty (or blank) cells in a range of cells on a sheet.

COUNTIF
This function returns the number of cells that meet a certain condition.

COUNTIFS
This function returns the number of cells that meet multiple conditions.

COUPDAYBS
This function calculates the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date.

COUPDAYS
This function returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date.

COUPDAYSNC
This function calculates the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date.

COUPNCD
This function returns a date number of the next coupon date after the settlement date.

COUPNUM
This function returns the number of coupons due between the settlement date and maturity date.

COUPPCD
This function returns a date number of the previous coupon date before the settlement date.

COVAR
This function returns the covariance, which is the average of the products of deviations for each data point pair in two sets of numbers.

COVARIANCE.P
This function returns the population covariance, which is the average of the products of deviations for each data point pair in two sets of numbers.

COVARIANCE.S
This function returns the sample covariance, which is the average of the products of deviations for each data point pair in two sets of numbers.

CRITBINOM
This function returns the criterion binomial, the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is greater than or equal to a criterion value.

CSC
This function returns the cosecant of the specified number.

CSCH
This function returns the hyperbolic cosecant of the specified number.

CUMIPMT
This function returns the cumulative interest paid on a loan between the starting and ending periods.

CUMPRINC
This function returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between the start and end periods.

### D

DATE
This function returns the DateTime object for a particular date, specified by the year, month, and day.

DATEDIF
This function returns the number of days, months, or years between two dates.

DATEVALUE
This function returns a DateTime object of the specified date.

DAVERAGE
This function calculates the average of values in a column of a list or database that match the specified conditions.

DAY
This function returns the day number of the month (integer 1 to 31) that corresponds to the specified date.

DAYS360
This function returns the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year.

DB
This function calculates the depreciation of an asset for a specified period using the fixed‑declining balance method.

DCOUNT
This function counts the cells that contain numbers in a column of a list or database that match the specified conditions.

DCOUNTA
This function counts the non-blank cells in a column of a list or database that match the specified conditions.

DDB
This function calculates the depreciation of an asset for a specified period using the double-declining balance method or another method you specify.

DEC2BIN
This function converts a decimal number to a binary number.

DEC2HEX
This function converts a decimal number to a hexadecimal number.

DEC2OCT
This function converts a decimal number to an octal number.

DECIMAL
This function converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number.

DEGREES
This function converts the specified value from radians to degrees.

DELTA
This function identifies whether two values are equal. Returns 1 if they are equal; returns 0 otherwise.

DEVSQ
This function calculates the sum of the squares of deviations of data points (or of an array of data points) from their sample mean.

DGET
This function extracts a single value from a column of a list or database that matches the specified conditions.

DISC
This function calculates the discount rate for a security.

DMAX
This function returns the largest number in a column of a list or database that matches the specified conditions.

DMIN
This function returns the smallest number in a column of a list or database that matches the specified conditions.

DOLLAR
This function converts a number to text using currency format, with the decimals rounded to the specified place.

DOLLARDE
This function converts a fraction dollar price to a decimal dollar price.

DOLLARFR
This function converts a decimal number dollar price to a fraction dollar price.

DPRODUCT
This function multiplies the values in a column of a list or database that match the specified conditions.

DSTDEV
This function estimates the standard deviation of a population based on a sample by using the numbers in a column of a list or database that match the specified conditions.

DSTDEVP
This function calculates the standard deviation of a population based on the entire population using the numbers in a column of a list or database that match the specified conditions.

DSUM
This function adds the numbers in a column of a list or database that match the specified conditions.

DURATION
This function returns the Macauley duration for an assumed par value of \$100.

DVAR
This function estimates the variance of a population based on a sample by using the numbers in a column of a list or database that match the specified conditions.

DVARP
This function calculates the variance of a population based on the entire population by using the numbers in a column of a list or database that match the specified conditions.

### E

EDATE
This function calculates the date that is the indicated number of months before or after a specified date.

EFFECT
This function calculates the effective annual interest rate for a given nominal annual interest rate and the number of compounding periods per year.

ENCODEURL
This function returns a URL-encoded string.

EOMONTH
This function calculates the date for the last day of the month (end of month) that is the indicated number of months before or after the starting date.

ERF
This function calculates the error function integrated between a lower and an upper limit.

ERF.PRECISE
This function calculates the error function.

ERFC
This function calculates the complementary error function integrated between a lower limit and infinity.

ERFC.PRECISE
This function calculates the complementary ERF function integrated between a lower limit and infinity.

ERROR.TYPE
This function returns a number corresponding to one of the error values.

EURO
This function returns the equivalent of one Euro based on the ISO currency code.

EUROCONVERT
This function converts currency from a Euro member currency (including Euros) to another Euro member currency (including Euros).

EVEN
This function rounds the specified value up to the nearest even integer.

EXACT
This function returns true if two strings are the same; otherwise, false.

EXP
This function returns e raised to the power of the specified value.

EXPONDIST
This function returns the exponential distribution or the probability density.

EXPON.DIST
This function returns the exponential distribution or the probability density.

### F

FACT
This function calculates the factorial of the specified number.

FACTDOUBLE
This function calculates the double factorial of the specified number.

FALSE
This function returns the value for logical FALSE.

FDIST
This function calculates the F probability distribution, to see degrees of diversity between two sets of data.

F.DIST
This function calculates the F probability distribution, to see degrees of diversity between two sets of data.

F.DIST.RT
This function calculates the F probability distribution, to see degrees of diversity between two sets of data.

FIND
This function finds one text value within another and returns the text value’s position in the text you searched.

FINDB
This function finds one text value within another and returns the text value’s position in the text you searched.

FINV
This function returns the inverse of the F probability distribution.

F.INV
This function returns the inverse of the F probability distribution.

F.INV.RT
This function returns the inverse of the F probability distribution.

FISHER
This function returns the Fisher transformation for a specified value.

FISHERINV
This function returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation for a specified value.

FIXED
This function rounds a number to the specified number of decimal places, formats the number in decimal format using a period and commas (if so specified), and returns the result as text.

FLOOR
This function rounds a number down to the nearest multiple of a specified value.

FLOOR:MATH
This function rounds a number down to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance.

FLOOR.PRECISE
This function rounds a number down to the nearest multiple of a specified value or to the nearest integer.

FORECAST
This function calculates a future value using existing values.

FORMULATEXT
This function returns a formula as a string.

FREQUENCY
This function calculates how often values occur within a range of values. This function returns a vertical array of numbers.

FTEST
This function returns the result of an F-test, which returns the one-tailed probability that the variances in two arrays are not significantly different.

F.TEST
This function returns the result of an F-test, which returns the two-tailed probability that the variances in two arrays are not significantly different.

FV
This function returns the future value of an investment based on a present value, periodic payments, and a specified interest rate.

FVSCHEDULE
This function returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates. Calculate future value of an investment with a variable or adjustable rate.

### G

GAMMA
This function returns the gamma function value.

This function returns the gamma distribution.

GAMMA.DIST
This function returns the gamma distribution.

GAMMAINV
This function returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution.

GAMMA.INV
This function returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution.

GAMMALN
This function returns the natural logarithm of the Gamma function, G(x).

GAMMALN.PRECISE
This function returns the natural logarithm of the Gamma function, G(x).

GAUS
This function returns the probability that a member of a standard normal population will fall between the mean and a specified number of standard deviations from the mean.

GCD
This function returns the greatest common divisor of two numbers.

GEOMEAN
This function returns the geometric mean of a set of positive data.

GESTEP
This function, greater than or equal to step, returns an indication of whether a number is equal to a threshold.

GROWTH
This function calculates predicted exponential growth. This function returns the y values for a series of new x values that are specified by using existing x and y values.

### H

HARMEAN
This function returns the harmonic mean of a data set.

HBARSPARKLINE
This function returns a data set for representing a Hbar sparkline.

HEX2BIN
This function converts a hexadecimal number to a binary number.

HEX2DEC
This function converts a hexadecimal number to a decimal number.

HEX2OCT
This function converts a hexadecimal number to an octal number.

HLOOKUP
This function searches for a value in the top row and then returns a value in the same column from a specified row.

HOUR
This function returns the hour that corresponds to a specified time.

This function creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the internet.

HYPGEOMDIST
This function returns the hypergeometric distribution.

HYPGEOM.DIST
This function returns the hypergeometric distribution.

### I

IF
This function performs a comparison and returns one of two provided values based on that comparison.

IFNA
This function returns the value you specify if the formula returns the #N/A error value, otherwise returns the result of the formula.

IFS
This function checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition.

IFERROR
This function evaluates a formula and returns a value you provide if there is an error or the formula result.

IMABS
This function returns the absolute value or modulus of a complex number.

IMAGINARY
This function returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number.

IMARGUMENT
This function returns the argument theta, which is an angle expressed in radians.

IMCONJUGATE
This function returns the complex conjugate of a complex number.

IMCOS
This function returns the cosine of a complex number.

IMCOSH
This function returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number in x+yi or x+yj text format.

IMCOT
This function returns the cotangent of a complex number in x+yi or x+yj text format.

IMCSC
This function returns the cosecant of a complex number in x+yi or x+yj text format.

IMCSCH
This function returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number in x+yi or x+yj text format.

IMDIV
This function returns the quotient of two complex numbers.

IMEXP
This function returns the exponential of a complex number.

IMLN
This function returns the natural logarithm of a complex number.

IMLOG2
This function returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number.

IMLOG10
This function returns the common logarithm of a complex number.

IMPOWER
This function returns a complex number raised to a power.

IMPRODUCT
This function returns the product of up to 29 complex numbers in the “x+yi” or “x+yj” text format.

IMREAL
This function returns the real coefficient of a complex number in the x+yi or x+yj text format.

IMSEC
This function returns the secant of a complex number in x+yi or x+yj text format.

IMSECH
This function returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number in x+yi or x+yj text format.

IMSIN
This function returns the sine of a complex number in the x+yi or x+yj text format.

IMSINH
This function returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number in x+yi or x+yj text format.

IMSQRT
This function returns the square root of a complex number in the x+yi or x+yj text format.

IMSUB
This function returns the difference of two complex numbers in the x+yi or x+yj text format.

IMSUM
This function returns the sum of two or more complex numbers in the x+yi or x+yj text format.

IMTAN
This function returns the tangent of a complex number in x+yi or x+yj text format.

INDEX
This function returns a value or the reference to a value from within an array or range.

INDIRECT
This function returns the reference specified by a text string.

INT
This function rounds a specified number down to the nearest integer.

INTERCEPT
This function returns the coordinates of a point at which a line intersects the y-axis, by using existing x values and y values.

INTRATE
This function calculates the interest rate for a fully invested security.

IPMT
This function calculates the payment of interest on a loan.

IRR
This function returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows represented by the numbers in an array.

ISBLANK
This function tests whether a value, an expression, or contents of a referenced cell is empty.

ISERR
This function, Is Error Other Than Not Available, tests whether a value, an expression, or contents of a referenced cell has an error other than not available (#N/A).

ISERROR
This function, Is Error of Any Kind, tests whether a value, an expression, or contents of a referenced cell has an error of any kind.

ISEVEN
This function, Is Number Even, tests whether a value, an expression, or contents of a referenced cell is even.

ISFORMULA
This formula tests whether a cell contains a formula of a reference call.

ISLOGICAL
This function tests whether a value, an expression, or contents of a referenced cell is a logical (Boolean) value.

ISNA
This function, Is Not Available, tests whether a value, an expression, or contents of a referenced cell has the not available (#N/A) error value.

ISNONTEXT
This function tests whether a value, an expression, or contents of a referenced cell has any data type other than text.

ISNUMBER
This function tests whether a value, an expression, or contents of a referenced cell has numeric data.

ISO.CEILING
This function rounds a number up to the nearest integer or multiple of a specified value.

ISODD
This function, Is Number Odd, tests whether a value, an expression, or contents of a referenced cell has numeric data.

ISOWEEKNUM
This function returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date.

ISPMT
This function calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment.

ISREF
This function, Is Reference, tests whether a value, an expression, or contents of a referenced cell is a reference to another cell.

ISTEXT
This function tests whether a value, an expression, or contents of a referenced cell has text data.

### K

KURT
This function returns the kurtosis of a data set.

### L

LARGE
This function returns the nth largest value in a data set, where n is specified.

LCM
This function returns the least common multiple of two numbers.

LEFT
This function returns the specified leftmost characters from a text value.

LEFTB
This function returns the specified leftmost characters from a text value, and based on the number of bytes you specify.

LEN
This function returns the length of, the number of characters in, a text string.

LENB
This function returns the length of the number of bytes in a text string.

LINEST
This function calculates the statistics for a line.

LINESPARKLINE
This function returns a data set used for representing a line sparkline.

LN
This function returns the natural logarithm of the specified number.

LOG
This function returns the logarithm base Y of a number X.

LOG10
This function returns the logarithm base 10 of the number given.

LOGEST
This function calculates an exponential curve that fits the data and returns an array of values that describes the curve.

This function returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution function of x, where LN(x) is normally distributed with the specified mean and standard deviation.

LOGNORMDIST
This function returns the cumulative natural log normal distribution of x, where LN(x) is normally distributed with the specified mean and standard deviation. Analyze data that has been logarithmically transformed with this function.

LOGNORM.DIST
This function returns the cumulative natural log normal distribution of x, where LN(x) is normally distributed with the specified mean and standard deviation. Analyze data that has been logarithmically transformed with this function.

LOGNORM.INV
This function returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution function of x, where LN(x) is normally distributed with the specified mean and standard deviation.

LOOKUP
This function searches for a value and returns a value from the same location in a second area.

LOWER
This function converts text to lower case letters.

### M

MATCH
This function returns the relative position of a specified item in a range.

MAX
This function returns the maximum value, the greatest value, of all the values in the arguments.

MAXA
This function returns the largest value in a list of arguments, including text and logical values.

MAXIFS
This function returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria.

MDETERM
This function returns the matrix determinant of an array.

MDURATION
This function calculates the modified Macauley duration of a security with an assumed par value of \$100.

MEDIAN
This function returns the median, the number in the middle of the provided set of numbers; that is, half the numbers have values that are greater than the median, and half have values that are less than the median.

MID
This function returns the requested number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify.

MIDB
This function returns the requested number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify, and based on the number of bytes you specify.

MIN
This function returns the minimum value, the least value, of all the values in the arguments.

MINA
This function returns the minimum value in a list of arguments, including text and logical values.

MINIFS
This function returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria.

MINUTE
This function returns the minute corresponding to a specified time.

MINVERSE
This function returns the inverse matrix for the matrix stored in an array.

MIRR
This function returns the modified internal rate of return for a series of periodic cash flows.

MMULT
This function returns the matrix product for two arrays.

MOD
This function returns the remainder of a division operation.

MODE
This function returns the most frequently occurring value in a set of data.

MODE.MULT
This function returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring value in a set of data.

MODE.SNGL
This function returns the most frequently occurring value in a set of data.

MONTH
This function returns the month corresponding to the specified date value.

MONTHSPARKLINE
This function returns a data set used for representing a month sparkline.

MROUND
This function returns a number rounded to the desired multiple.

MULTINOMIAL
This function calculates the ratio of the factorial of a sum of values to the product of factorials.

### N

N
This function returns a value converted to a number.

NA
This function returns the error value #N/A that means “not available.”

NEGBINOMDIST
This function returns the negative binomial distribution.

NEGBINOM.DIST
This function returns the negative binomial distribution.

NETWORKDAYS
This function returns the total number of complete working days between the start and end dates.

NETWORKDAYS.INTL
This function returns the total number of complete working days between the start and end dates.

NOMINAL
This function returns the nominal annual interest rate for a given effective rate and number of compounding periods per year.

NORMDIST
This function returns the normal cumulative distribution for the specified mean and standard deviation.

NORM.DIST
This function returns the normal distribution for the specified mean and standard deviation.

NORMINV
This function returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution for the given mean and standard deviation.

NORM.INV
This function returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution for the given mean and standard deviation.

NORMSDIST
This function returns the standard normal cumulative distribution function.

NORM.S.DIST
This function returns the standard normal cumulative distribution function.

NORMSINV
This function returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution. The distribution has a mean of zero and a standard deviation of one.

NORM.S.INV
This function returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution. The distribution has a mean of zero and a standard deviation of one.

NOT
This function reverses the logical value of its argument.

NOW
This function returns the current date and time.

NPER
This function returns the number of periods for an investment based on a present value, future value, periodic payments, and a specified interest rate.

NPV
This function calculates the net present value of an investment by using a discount rate and a series of future payments and income.

### O

OCT2BIN
This function converts an octal number to a binary number.

OCT2DEC
This function converts an octal number to a decimal number.

OCT2HEX
This function converts an octal number to a hexadecimal number.

ODD
This function rounds the specified value up to the nearest odd integer.

ODDFPRICE
This function calculates the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period.

ODDFYIELD
This function calculates the yield of a security with an odd first period.

ODDLPRICE
This function calculates the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last coupon period.

ODDLYIELD
This function calculates the yield of a security with an odd last period.

OFFSET
This function returns a reference to a range. The range is a specified number of rows and columns from a cell or range of cells. The function returns a single cell or a range of cells.

OR
This function calculates logical OR. It returns TRUE if any of its arguments are true; otherwise, returns FALSE if all arguments are false.

### P

PARETOSPARKLINE
This function returns a data set used for representing a pareto sparkline.

PDURATION
This function returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value.

PEARSON
This function returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient, a dimensionless index between -1.0 to 1.0 inclusive indicative of the linear relationship of two data sets.

PERCENTILE
This function returns the nth percentile of values in a range.

PERCENTILE.EXC
This function returns the kth percentile of values in a range where k is between 0..1, exclusive.

PERCENTILE.INC
This function returns the kth percentile of values in a range where k is between 0..1, inclusive.

PERCENTRANK
This function returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage of the data set.

PERCENTRANK.EXC
This function returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set.

PERCENTRANK.INC
This function returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage of the data set.

PERMUT
This function returns the number of possible permutations for a specified number of items.

PERMUTATIONA
This function returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects that can be selected from the total objects.

PHI
This function returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution.

PI
This function returns PI as 3.1415926536.

PIESPARKLINE
This function returns a data set used for representing a pie sparkline.

PMT
This function returns the payment amount for a loan given the present value, specified interest rate, and number of terms.

POISSON
This function returns the Poisson distribution.

POISSON.DIST
This function returns the Poisson distribution.

POWER
This function raises the specified number to the specified power.

PPMT
This function returns the amount of payment of principal for a loan given the present value, specified interest rate, and number of terms.

PRICE
This function calculates the price per \$100 face value of a periodic interest security.

PRICEDISC
This function returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security.

PRICEMAT
This function returns the price at maturity per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest.

PROB
This function returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits.

PRODUCT
This function multiplies all the arguments and returns the product.

PROPER
This function capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text string.

PV
This function returns the present value of an investment based on the interest rate, number and amount of periodic payments, and future value. The present value is the total amount that a series of future payments is worth now.

### Q

QUARTILE
This function returns which quartile (which quarter or 25 percent) of a data set a value is.

QUARTILE.EXC
This function returns the quartile (which quarter or 25 percent) of a data set based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive.

QUARTILE.INC
This function returns the quartile (which quarter or 25 percent) of a data set based on percentile values from 0..1, inclusive.

QUOTIENT
This function returns the integer portion of a division. Use this to ignore the remainder of a division.

### R

This function converts the specified number from degrees to radians.

RAND
This function returns an evenly distributed random number between 0 and 1.

RANDBETWEEN
This function returns a random number between the numbers you specify.

RANK
This function returns the rank of a number in a set of numbers. If you were to sort the set, the rank of the number would be its position in the list.

RANK.AVG
This function returns the rank of a number in a set of numbers.

RANK.EQ
This function returns the rank of a number in a set of numbers.

RATE
This function returns the interest rate per period of an annuity.

This function returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security.

REFRESH
This function decides how to recalculate a formula.

REPLACE
This function replaces part of a text string with a different text string.

REPLACEB
This function replaces part of a text string with a different text string based on the number of bytes you specify.

REPT
This function repeats text a specified number of times.

RIGHT
This function returns the specified rightmost characters from a text value.

RIGHTB
This function returns the specified rightmost characters from text value, and based on the number of bytes you specify.

ROMAN
This function converts an arabic numeral to a roman numeral text equivalent.

ROUND
This function rounds the specified value to the nearest number, using the specified number of decimal places.

ROUNDDOWN
This function rounds the specified number down to the nearest number, using the specified number of decimal places.

ROUNDUP
This function rounds the specified number up to the nearest number, using the specified number of decimal places.

ROW
This function returns the number of a row from a reference.

ROWS
This function returns the number of rows in an array.

RRI
This function returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment.

RSQ
This function returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient (R‑squared) through data points in known y’s and known x’s.

### S

SEARCH
This function finds one text string in another text string and returns the index of the starting position of the found text.

SEARCHB
This function finds one text string in another text string and returns the index of the starting position of the found text, and counts each double-byte character as 2.

SEC
This function returns the secant of the specified angle.

SECH
This function returns the hyperbolic secant of the specified angle.

SECOND
This function returns the seconds (0 to 59) value for a specified time.

SERIESSUM
This function returns the sum of a power series.

SIGN
This function returns the sign of a number or expression.

SIN
This function returns the sine of the specified angle.

SINH
This function returns the hyperbolic sine of the specified number.

SKEW
This function returns the skewness of a distribution.

SKEW.P
This function returns the skewness of a distribution base on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around it’s mean.

SLN
This function returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period.

SLOPE
This function calculates the slope of a linear regression.

SMALL
This function returns the nth smallest value in a data set, where n is specified.

This function returns a data set used for representing a spread sparkline.

SQRT
This function returns the positive square root of the specified number.

SQRTPI
This function returns the positive square root of a multiple of pi (p).

STANDARDIZE
This function returns a normalized value from a distribution characterized by mean and standard deviation.

STDEV
This function returns the standard deviation for a set of numbers.

STDEVA
This function returns the standard deviation for a set of numbers, text, or logical values.

STDEVP
This function returns the standard deviation for an entire specified population (of numeric values).

STDEV.P
This function returns the standard deviation for an entire specified population (of numeric values).

STDEV.S
This function returns the standard deviation based on a sample (of numeric values).

STDEVPA
This function returns the standard deviation for an entire specified population, including text or logical values as well as numeric values.

STEYX
This function returns the standard error of the predicted y value for each x. The standard error is a measure of the amount of error in the prediction of y for a value of x.

SUBSTITUTE
This function substitutes a new string for specified characters in an existing string.

SUBTOTAL
This function calculates a subtotal of a list of numbers using a specified built-in function.

SUM
This function returns the sum of cells or range of cells.

SUMIF
This function adds the cells using a given criteria.

SUMIFS
This function adds the cells in a range using multiple criteria.

SUMPRODUCT
This function returns the sum of products of cells. Multiplies corresponding components in the given arrays, and returns the sum of those products.

SUMSQ
This function returns the sum of the squares of the arguments.

SUMX2MY2
This function returns the sum of the difference of the squares of corresponding values in two arrays.

SUMX2PY2
This function returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays.

SUMXMY2
This function returns the sum of the square of the differences of corresponding values in two arrays.

SWITCH
This function evaluates one value for a list of values, and returns the result corresponding to the first matching value, otherwise it returns the default value.

SYD
This function returns the sum-of-years’ digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period.

### T

T
This function returns the text in a specified cell.

TAN
This function returns the tangent of the specified angle.

TANH
This function returns the hyperbolic tangent of the specified number.

TBILLEQ
This function returns the equivalent yield for a Treasury bill (or T-bill).

TBILLPRICE
This function returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill (or T-bill).

TBILLYIELD
This function returns the yield for a Treasury bill (or T-bill).

TDIST
This function returns the probability for the t-distribution.

T.DIST
This function returns the probability for the t-distribution.

T.DIST.2T
This function returns the t-distribution.

T.DIST.RT
This function returns the t-distribution.

TEXT
This function formats a number and converts it to text.

TEXTJOIN
This function combines multiple ranges and/or strings into one text, and the text includes a delimiter you specify between each text value.

TIME
This function returns the TimeSpan object for a specified time.

TIMEVALUE
This function returns the TimeSpan object of the time represented by a text string.

TINV
This function returns the t-value of the student’s t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom.

T.INV
This function returns the t-value of the student’s t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom.

T.INV.2T
This function returns the t-value of the student’s t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom.

TODAY
This function returns the date and time of the current date.

TRANSPOSE
This function returns a vertical range of cells as a horizontal range or a horizontal range of cells as a vertical range.

TREND
This function returns values along a linear trend. This function fits a straight line to the arrays known x and y values. Trend returns the y values along that line for the array of specified new x values.

TRIM
This function removes extra spaces from a string and leaves single spaces between words.

TRIMMEAN
This function returns the mean of a subset of data excluding the top and bottom data.

TRUE
This function returns the value for logical TRUE.

TRUNC
This function removes the specified fractional part of the specified number.

TTEST
This function returns the probability associated with a t-test.

T.TEST
This function returns the probability associated with a t-test.

TYPE
This function returns the type of value.

### U

UNICHAR
This function returns the Unicode character of a given numeric reference.

UNICODE
This function returns the number corresponding to the first character of the text.

UPPER
This function converts text to uppercase letters.

### V

VALUE
This function converts a text string that is a number to a numeric value.

VAR
This function returns the variance based on a sample of a population, which uses only numeric values.

VARA
This function returns the variance based on a sample of a population, which includes numeric, logical, or text values.

VARISPARKLINE
This function returns a data set used for representing a variance sparkline.

VARP
This function returns variance based on the entire population, which uses only numeric values.

VAR.P
This function returns variance based on the entire population, which uses only numeric values.

VARPA
This function returns variance based on the entire population, which includes numeric, logical, or text values.

VAR.S
This function returns variance based on a sample, which uses only numeric values.

VBARSPARKLINE
This function returns a data set used for representing a Vbar sparkline.

VDB
This function returns the depreciation of an asset for any period you specify using the variable declining balance method.

VLOOKUP
This function searches for a value in the leftmost column and returns a value in the same row from a column you specify.

### W

WEEKDAY
This function returns the number corresponding to the day of the week for a specified date.

WEEKNUM
This function returns a number that indicates the week of the year numerically.

WEIBULL
This function returns the two-parameter Weibull distribution, often used in reliability analysis.

WEIBULL.DIST
This function returns the two-parameter Weibull distribution, often used in reliability analysis.

WINLOSSSPARKLINE
This function returns a data set used for representing a win/loss sparkline.

WORKDAY
This function returns the number of working days before or after the starting date.

WORKDAY.INTL
This function returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays with custom weekend parameters.

### X

XIRR
This function calculates the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that may not be periodic.

XNPV
This function calculates the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that may not be periodic.

XOR
This function returns a logical exclusive or of all arguments.

### Y

YEAR
This function returns the year as an integer for a specified date.

YEARFRAC
This function returns the fraction of the year represented by the number of whole days between the start and end dates.

YEARSPARKLINE
This function returns a data set used for representing a year sparkline.

YIELD
This function calculates the yield on a security that pays periodic interest.

YIELDDISC
This function calculates the annual yield for a discounted security.

YIELDMAT
This function calculates the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity.

### Z

ZTEST
This function returns the significance value of a z-test. The z-test generates a standard score for x with respect to the set of data and returns the two-tailed probability for the normal distribution.

Z.TEST
This function returns the significance value of a z-test. The z-test generates a standard score for x with respect to the set of data and returns the two-tailed probability for the normal distribution.